(See Normal Heart Image for comparison)
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Kawashima Procedure –
1-The shunt from the Norwood Procedure is removed.
2-Oxygen-poor blood coming back from the top half of the body is diverted directly into the lungs instead of flowing back into the heart before going to the lungs. Unlike the Glenn, the Kawashima includes the blood coming from the lower half of the body via the hemiazygos vein’s connection to the left-Superior Vena Cava.