Heart defect: transposition of the great arteries, pulmonary stenosis, ventricular septal defect
Heart defect: coarctation of the aorta with sub-aortic stenosis, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect
Dextrocardia – the heart is backwards, levo-TGA – the ventricles (and valves leading into the ventricles) are switched, pulmonary atresia – the pulmonary artery is blocked at or near the pulmonary valve, VSD – there’s a hole in the wall between the ventricles, DORV – the pulmonary artery and the aorta both rise out of the right ventricle.
CHD image: double inlet left ventricle, dilv, congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, hypoplastic right heart syndrome, very large ventricular septal defect or VSD
TGA with DORV – the positions of the aotra and pulmonary artery are switched and they also both exit the heart from the same (right) ventricle.
Hypoplastic Right Heart Syndrome (HRHS): the right side of the heart is underdeveloped–including the right ventricle, the pulmonary artery (which carries oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs), and the valves controling the bloodflow of the right ventrical (tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve). These valves may be narrowed (stenosis) or missing (atresia). Excess pressure in the heart may result in atrial and ventricular septal defects (ASD & VSD)
Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) is a combination of these four heart defects: large VSD, enlarged aorta, pulmonary stenosis, and hypertrophy.
This heart also depicts hypoplasia of the left pulmonary artery.
(TGA) the positions of the great vessels are switched so that the aorta is closer to the oxygen-poor blood AND the pulmonary artery is closer to the oxygen-rich blood. A ventricle septal defect allows blood from both ventricles to mix freely. The pulmonary artery is narrow at or near the pulmonary valve.
(TA) – the valve that controls blood flow between the right atrium and the right ventricle in this heart is missing or fused shut. This causes the right ventricle and pulmonary artery to be under developed.