Heart defect: tetralogy of fallot [right ventricle hypertrophy, enlarged aorta, large vetricular septal defect, pulmonary atresia], MAPCAs, missing PA, missing PDA
Heart defect: double inlet left ventricle, DILV, Transposition, great arteries, levo, l-TGA, hypoplastic right ventricle, pulmonary stenosis, single coronary artery
The lower section of the pulmonary artery that should carry oxygen-poor blood into the heart is removed.
Oxygen-poor blood coming back from the top half of the body is diverted directly into the lungs instead of flowing back into the heart before going to the lungs
Oxygen-poor blood coming back from the bottom half of the body is diverted directly into the lungs with a conduit instead of flowing back into the heart before going to the lungs
Fenistration – a small hole in the conduit just in case there is too much pressure going into the lungs. This gives the body time to adjust to the new circulation.
Heart defect: interrupted aortic arch with bicuspid aortic valve (bav) and two ventricular septal defects.
Heart defect repair: they close the PDA and attach the descending aorta to the ascending aorta. Then they put a patch over the ventricular septal defects so that blood can no longer flow directly between the two ventricles.